Today marks the 130th birth anniversary of Father of Indian Constitution and India’s freedom fighter, Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. He was born on 18 April 1891 and died on 6 December 1956. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar also known as Babasaheb, throughout his life worked for rights and equality of Dalits and lower caste people. So this days is also commemorate as “Equality Day”.
Ambedkar was not just a freedom fighter, he was a lawyer, civil rights activist and also, after India’s freedom, he made contributions in India’s democracy. He drafted India’s Constitution after considering and taking other countries’ constitutions.
Let’s know about some interesting facts from the life of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar!
Life and Education
Ambedkar was born on 18 April 1891 In Madhya Pradesh. He was born in Mahar Caste, which was treated as untouchables at that time. He completed his secondary education from local school, where he had to face discrimination on the basis of their caste. In 1912, he completed his graduation in Economics and Political Science from University of Bombay.
In 1913, he got scholarship by then ruler of Baroda to complete his Post Graduation. He shifted to U.S. and in 1915 he completed his Masters in Economics, Sociology, History and Philosophy from Columbia University.
In his life, worked as Military Secretary of Gaikwad, tutor, accountant, investment consultor and as lawyer. In 1927, he started his work against untouchability. He started movements involving hundreds of people to drink water from public wells to fight against untouchability. Also, he led movements to allow lower castes to enter temples.
On 25 September, an agreement known as Poona Pact was signed between Ambedkar and Madan Mohan Malaviya. Ambedkar and Gandhi, both have difference of opinion on this issue. Gandhi even protested by fasting against the formation of separate electorate for ”Depressed Class”.
Upon India’s independent, he becomes India’s first law minister. Also, he was given the responsibility of drafting India’s constitution. He prepared the constitution by keeping in mind all classes, castes and people living in India. Till today, his constitution provide light to government and judiciary of India.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar changed his religion to Buddhism, with many of his followers. On 6 December, 1956, he died in his sleep. After 34 years of his death, he was awarded Bharat Ratna, India’s highest Civilian award.
Inspiring quotes by B.R. Ambedkar Ji!
Here are some inspiring quotes by B.R. Ambedkar that can inspire us in many ways and shows the value of education and freedom.
- “We are Indians, firstly and lastly.”
- ”Be Educated, Be Organised and Be Agitated.”
- “We must stand on our own feet and fight as best as we can for our rights. So carry on your agitation and organize your forces. Power and prestige will come to you through struggle.”
- “Cultivation of mind should be the ultimate aim of human existence.”
- “I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved. Constitution is not a mere lawyers document, it is a vehicle of life, and its spirit is always the spirit of age.”
- “A great man is different from an eminent one in that he is ready to be the servant of the society.”
- “Men are mortal. So are ideas. An idea needs propagation as much as a plant needs watering. Otherwise both will wither and die.”
Thank you for reading!